This bugged me for a while. The answer is YES.
Verification June 26th, 2016
Test device Samsung Galaxy Tab A – out of the box – not modified in any manner
Opened site in Google Chrome on the tablet and inspected via remote debugging
Opened same site in Samsung Android browser on the tablet and inspected via remote debugging
As evidenced by the remote session information, Chrome is picking up the stock browser. At the time of writing Chrome is at 51.0.2. I am guessing that the tablet’s image is a bit dated and the Samsung stock browser build is a bit behind official Chrome.